EMLA Cream 5% – Lidocaine 2.5% and Prilocaine 2.5% – Cream for topical anaesthesia.
It can be used for:
- Blood tests.
- Minor skin operations.
- Some types of skin graft.
Emla cream contains two medicines called Lidocaine and Prilocaine. These belong to a group of medicines called local anaesthetics. Emla works by numbing the surface of the skin for a short time, helping to stop pain felt on the skin.
Squeeze the cream into a mound where it is needed.
Do not rub in.
Use a Tegaderm Dressing.
Apply dressing and leave for at least 60 minutes.
Your doctor/nurse will remove the dressing and cream before they do the medical procedure.
Active Ingredients Lidocaine In Emla Cream
Use on the skin before having a needle put in: 2g applied 1-5 hours under a dressing.
Use on the skin before procedures on larger areas: 2g/10 square centimetres in size, applied 2-5 hours under a dressing. The cream can also be used on babies and children, please refer to leaflet for directions.
Emla Cream 5% 5g Single Sachet is for a topical anaesthesia of the skin before needle puncture, insertion of IV catheters, blood sampling, mechanical cleansing or debridgement of leg ulcers and for minor skin surgery.
Directions : Active Ingredients Lidocaine In Emla Cream
Instructions for use on leg ulcers:
1. Apply a thick layer of cream all over the…..jn ulcer. Use about 1-2g per 10cm2. Do not apply more than a total of 10g at any one time.
2. Cover the emla cream with an occlusive dressing and stick it on with adhesive tape. Make sure all the edges are sealed.
3. Leave the cream on for at least 30 minutes. An application time of 60 minutes may improve anaesthesia.
4. Your doctor or nurse will take off the dressing and emla cream just before cleaning your ulcer. Cleaning should start within 10 minutes of the dressing and cream being removed.
5. Throw out the tube containing any left over emla cream.
Instructions for use on intact skin
1. Ensure the skin is clean and dry e.g. remove makeup. Press out a sufficient quantity of cream (about 2g) at the site of the procedure.
2. Take one of the enclosed occlusive dressings and remove the centre cut-out piece.
3. Peel the paper liner from the paper framed dressing.
4. Cover the emla cream so that you get a thick layer underneath. Do not spread out the cream. Smooth down the dressing edges carefully to avoid leakage.
5. Remove the paper frame. The time of application can easily be marked directly on the occlusive dressing. N.B. emla must be applied at least 1 hours before the start of the procedure and may be left on several hours without loss of effect.
6. Immediately before the procedure, the occlusive dressing will be removed, the emla cream wiped off and the area cleaned with alcohol. Duration of effective skin anaesthesia will be at least 2 hours after removal of the occlusive dressing.
Ingredients : Active Ingredients Lidocaine In Emla Cream
Active Ingredients Lidocaine In Emla Cream: Lignocaine 25mg/g, and Prilocaine 25mg/g.
Not to be taken. For topical anaesthesia.
F.A.Q’s about Emla: 1. What is Emla?
Emla is a white, soft cream containing the active ingredients Lidocaine 2.5% w/w and Prilocaine 2.5% w/w. These ingredients are known as anaesthetics and are designed to numb the skin temporarily, prior to a surgical or beauty procedure that would usually be considered mildly to moderately painful.
2. How dose Emla work?
The active ingredients Lidocaine and Prilocaine are absorbed into the skin with the cream. Pain signals are prevented from passing from the applied area to the brain, meaning that painful procedures can be performed without feeling pain.
3. What is Emla used for?
Emla can be used before minor dermatological procedures, such as needle insertion (injections or tattoos) and surgical treatment of localised lesions and larger procedures such as split skin grafting. Emla is suitable for use on the skin and adult genitalia. (Please refer to question 5 for indications on where not to use Emla.)
4. How would I apply Emla?
It is important that you apply Emla as directed by your doctor or pharmacist.
Depending on the size of the area, squeeze out a reasonable amount of Emla to cover the skin. Next, apply a dressing to ensure the cream does not rub off. (For dressings, we recommend using Tegaderm with Emla, available in sizes 6cm x 7cm, 12cm x 12cm or 15cm x 20cm.) Leave on for at least 1 hour, depending on the area’s size, to allow full penetration into the skin. (In cases of genital procedures, cream can be removed after 15 minutes).
A full instruction leaflet comes with every pack of Emla.
5. Any precautions?
Emla should not be used:
– On cuts, grazes or wounds.
– Where there is a skin rash or eczema.
– In or near the eyes.
– Inside the nose.
– In the ear.
– In the mouth. (For anaesthetics in oral procedures, we recommend Xylocaine Spray)
– In the anus (back passage). (For treatments to numb painful conditions such as piles, we recommend Germoloids)
– Onto the genitals of children.
6. Can Emla be used on sensitive skin?
Emla has been suggested it may be used on all skin types, however if you do have sensitive skin and have never used Emla, or a product similar (such as Ametop or Xylocaine), we recommend trying a patch test first. If you severely react in a way not as suggested on the Emla leaflet, avoid using the product.
If you know you are hypersensitive to any of the ingredients in Emla, then it is advised you do not use this product.
7. How old do you have to be to use Emla?
If you are applying Emla to the skin’s surface, Emla can be used on children as young as 1 year of age under medical supervision or instruction by your doctor, and adults and the elderly. For procedures on the genital region, only adults and the elderly can use this product.
8.What else does Emla contain?
Emla’s cream base contains Polyoxyethylene hydrogenated Castor oil, Carbomer 974P, sodium hydroxide and purified water.
Active Ingredients Lidocaine In Emla Cream